What is Surrogacy? and what are its different types?
It is an arrangement endorsed by a legal agreement wherein a woman agrees to get pregnant and give birth to a baby for another couple that fails to reproduce for some reason or the other. A woman is known as a surrogate mother and the couples seeking a child are known as Intended parents.
People seek this sort of arrangement only when pregnancy is not possible. When pregnancy risks are too dangerous for the intended parents or when a single man or a male couple wishes to have a child, surrogacy can be opted for. It is considered to be one of the Assisted Reproductive Technologies or ART. As surrogacy cost in India is comparatively lower, infertile couples from all around the world look for a good surrogacy clinic in Gurgaon, India.
In this sort of arrangement, both the parties (surrogate mother and the intended parents) are legally bounded. Monetary compensation may or may not be involved. In some countries, commercial surrogacy is banned. However, the surrogate mother can claim for the expenses incurred during the process. The legality and the cost of surrogacy vary greatly between the jurisdictions which sometimes result in a problematic interstate or international surrogacy arrangement.
Before going in for this arrangement both the surrogate mother as well as intended parents have to be well-aware of the legalities. Surrogacy is legal in India and wherever the process is legal the third-party agency can assist in the couples as well as the mother to find a surrogate and arrange a surrogacy contract. These agencies take a thorough screen test of the surrogate mother before supplying her to the parents. Medical and psychological tests are done to make sure that the mother is healthy and can have a healthy gestation. These agencies are very helpful as they also facilitate the legal matters concerning surrogate and intended parents.
Two Approaches for Surrogacy:
Before looking out for the best surrogacy treatment center in India or elsewhere, you should know that there are two approaches to surrogacy one is gestational surrogacy and another one is traditional. These two types of surrogacy are differentiated by their genetic origin of sperms and eggs. In the US gestational is more popular and the traditional is considered as an intricate process.
This type of surrogacy is also known as natural, partial and straight surrogacy. In this surrogacy egg of the surrogate mother is fused with the sperm of the commissioning father who is also known as donor. Insemination of the surrogate mother, in this case, takes place through artificial or natural insemination.
Also known as host or full surrogacy, this type of surrogacy was achieved in the year April 1986 and it took place when an embryo is created by IVF or in-vitro fertilization technology and was implanted to the women surrogate. It is sometimes referred to as a gestational carrier also. It has many forms and in each form, the resulting child is not related to the surrogate mother.